- Home /

# Converting Matrix4x4 to Quaternion & Vector3

I'm attempting to convert a Matrix4x4 which is being currently being applied to a camera using camera.worldToCameraMatrix and works fine.

I'm able to get the position out with:

```
Vector4 newCameraPos = matrix.GetColumn(3);
Camera.main.transform.position = Vector3(newCameraPos.x,newCameraPos.y,newCameraPos.z);
```

But at the moment can't get the quaternion to come out. I've pulled some code from a matrix and quaternion FAQ I stumbled across and have partially implemented, but at the moment its not behaving.

`Quaternion matrixToQuaternionx(Matrix4x4 m1){ float T = 1 + m1[0] + m1[5] + m1[10];`

` `

```
Quaternion q = Quaternion.identity;
if ( T > 0.00000001f ){
float S = Mathf.Sqrt(T) * 2;
q.x = ( m1[9] - m1[6] ) / S;
q.y = ( m1[2] - m1[8] ) / S;
q.z = ( m1[4] - m1[1] ) / S;
q.w = 0.25f * S;
}else{
Debug.Log("more to calculate here");
}
return q;
```

`} `

If I turn off the camera.worldToCameraMatrix, and rely on the Vector and Quaternion I get out (ignoring cases where it gets to the 'more to calculate here') the position of the camera looks fine, but its rotation is way off.

**Answer** by runevision
·
Feb 11, 2010 at 11:08 AM

For getting a quaternion from a Matrix4x4, this function works:

```
public static Quaternion QuaternionFromMatrix(Matrix4x4 m) {
// Adapted from: http://www.euclideanspace.com/maths/geometry/rotations/conversions/matrixToQuaternion/index.htm
Quaternion q = new Quaternion();
q.w = Mathf.Sqrt( Mathf.Max( 0, 1 + m[0,0] + m[1,1] + m[2,2] ) ) / 2;
q.x = Mathf.Sqrt( Mathf.Max( 0, 1 + m[0,0] - m[1,1] - m[2,2] ) ) / 2;
q.y = Mathf.Sqrt( Mathf.Max( 0, 1 - m[0,0] + m[1,1] - m[2,2] ) ) / 2;
q.z = Mathf.Sqrt( Mathf.Max( 0, 1 - m[0,0] - m[1,1] + m[2,2] ) ) / 2;
q.x *= Mathf.Sign( q.x * ( m[2,1] - m[1,2] ) );
q.y *= Mathf.Sign( q.y * ( m[0,2] - m[2,0] ) );
q.z *= Mathf.Sign( q.z * ( m[1,0] - m[0,1] ) );
return q;
}
```

For getting the position, GetColumn(3) works fine.

Thanks!

It should be noted that if you're attempting to convert a valid worldToCameraMatrix to a quaternion rotation you'll need to adjust for the reversed z on camera and call something like:

Camera.main.transform.rotation = Quaternion.QuaternionFromMatrix(matrixToSet.inverse * Matrix4x4.TRS(Vector3.zero, Quaternion.identity, new Vector3(1,1,-1)));

What about the inverse operation? Obtaining a 4x4 out of a quaternion. Is that possible?

@roamcel (or anyone else reading this more realistically)

You can in fact get the reverse (4x4mat from a quat). The following is python code I wrote so it shouldn't be too hard to read and write in your preferred language:

```
from math import *
q = (0, 1.87, 3.22, 6.43)
q2 = [0,0,0,0]
q2[0] = q[0] / sqrt(q[0]**2 + q[1]**2 + q[2]**2 + q[3]**2)
q2[1] = q[1] / sqrt(q[0]**2 + q[1]**2 + q[2]**2 + q[3]**2)
q2[2] = q[2] / sqrt(q[0]**2 + q[1]**2 + q[2]**2 + q[3]**2)
q2[3] = q[3] / sqrt(q[0]**2 + q[1]**2 + q[2]**2 + q[3]**2)
print q2, "\n"
quat_Matrix = [
[1 - 2*q2[2]**2 - 2*q2[3]**2, 2*q2[1]*q2[2] - 2*q2[3]*q2[0], 2*q2[1]*q2[3] + 2*q2[2]*q2[0]],
[2*q2[1]*q2[2] + 2*q2[3]*q2[0], 1 - 2*q2[1]**2 - 2*q2[3]**2, 2*q2[2]*q2[3] - 2*q2[1]*q2[0]],
[2*q2[1]*q2[3] - 2*q2[2]*q2[0], 2*q2[2]*q2[3] + 2*q2[1]*q2[0], 1 - 2*q2[1]**2 - 2*q2[2]**2]
]
for i in quat_Matrix:
print i
```

@roamcel @JoryRFerrell Unity provides a nice easy way:

```
Matrix4x4 m = Matrix4x4.TRS(Vector3.zero, quaterion, Vector3.one);
```

As for matrix decomposition (the question subject) here is the approach which I use:

http://answers.unity3d.com/questions/402280/how-to-decompose-a-trs-matrix.html

**Answer** by Leto
·
May 21, 2012 at 09:50 AM

Here's a faster and easier solution:

public static Quaternion QuaternionFromMatrix(Matrix4x4 m) { return Quaternion.LookRotation(m.GetColumn(2), m.GetColumn(1)); }

**Answer** by peacefulshade
·
Jul 25, 2012 at 01:08 AM

Actually I can confirm that the

"For getting a quaternion from a Matrix4x4, this function works: ..."

Doesn't work, and the

"Here's a faster and easier solution: ..."

Works.

I'm making a voxel engine that performs all sorts of transforms and the first method produces:

While the second función produces

And the control test uses Graphics.DrawMesh() with the matrix transform as a parameter

### Your answer

### Welcome to Unity Answers

The best place to ask and answer questions about development with Unity.

To help users navigate the site we have posted a user guide.

If you are a new user, check out our FAQ for more information.

If you are a moderator, see our Moderator Guidelines page.

We are making improvements to UA, see the list of changes.

For troubleshooting common problems with Unity 5.x Editor (including Win 10).